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Saving vegetable seeds can help preserve the particular variety you are vegetables in the squash family, as the same variety will rarely grow.
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Note: Every 10 degrees Fahrenheit decrease in storage temperature doubles the seed storage life at temperatures above freezing. Every 1 percent decrease in seed moisture content doubles seed storage life. Herb Seeds Flavorful and exotic, these varieties have passed through kitchens for generations. What seems like a small garden to a farmer can be a large garden to an urban grower.

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In this case a small garden refers to an area square feet or smaller. If your plot is this size, you can NOT grow crops far enough apart to eliminate cross-pollination.

How to Save Seeds from 10 Vegetables in Your Garden

So how do you insure that your seeds stay true to type? An obvious technique is to plant only one variety of each plant — one kind of tomato, one type of lettuce, one variety of carrots, etc. Another technique is to set up physical barriers. Row covers can guard low growing plants from unwanted pollinators. Upright and tall plants can be surrounded by a screen, while climbing plants may need to have their flowers covered find a material that lets in air, but keeps out insects, cut a swatch and tie it gently around individual flowers or clusters.

How to Save Vegetable Seeds: Seed-Saving Guide

Now you just have to figure out a way to pollinate those covered flowers. Some plants tomatoes, beans, peppers, chicory, endive, and peas are largely self-pollinators. Gently shake these plants to help distribute the pollen. Lettuce can self-pollinate, but it does better with the help of bumble bees. Other plants will need you to pollinate them.

Then, touch the pistil of the female flower. Some flowers have the male and female parts on the same flower, but the process is the same. Make sure you use a new Q-tip or clean the brush when pollinating more than one variety of the same cultivar. One way to do this is to plant similar varieties at intervals so they do not flower all at once. Easy, if you live somewhere with a long growing season, more difficult if your growing season is short.

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Some gardeners prefer combining these two methods by planting in intervals, but using a physical cover during the time when the flowering overlaps. Biennial plants produce seed in their second year, and lend themselves perfectly to interval planting. For example, if there are three varieties of radishes you enjoy, plant them all the first year. Then, completely harvest two of the varieties, leaving only the best of the third variety in the ground you will collect seed from these plants the following year.

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In the spring, plant all three kinds of radishes again, only this time let a different variety carry over at the end of the growing season, and so on. You can keep these seeds in the refrigerator for several years and always have a viable supply. Other biennials include: beets, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrots, celeriac, celery, collards, Florence fennel, kale, kohlrabi, leeks, parsley, parsnip, radishes, rutabaga, salsify, Swiss chard, turnips. Good comment about planting multiple varieties but then only letting one flower. Never thought of that guess that would only work for root and leafy veggies though, mostly.

Still cool though. I like the tip that you gave to keep your flower seeds in a cool environment to keep them fresh. My wife and I are thinking about planting poppy seeds next spring, and it is important for us to know that we can keep our seeds healthy until then.

How Much Green Can Growing a Vegetable Garden Save You?

If we decide to plant the poppies, I will be sure to keep the seeds in a cool environment until we are ready to use them. Search for answers:. Anglian Home Improvements. Related Story. Advertisement - Continue Reading Below. More From Gardens. The Rose of the Year has just been revealed. Inside Cancer Research's winning Hampton garden.

The Great Gardening Challenge on Channel 5. Duchess reveals the new garden feature at Hampton. Aldi special buys for your garden this summer. Lidl is selling a dog bed with a sun shade. Beans Zones : You can plant both bush and pole beans now that the soil and air are warmed up as beans should not be started indoors. Try a continual day sowing of different varieties. This will give you an abundance of bean crops and not one large harvest with wasted crop. Beets Zones : You still have time to sow beets now for a fast, yummy summer treat!

To provide a continuous harvest, plant seeds in various locations with a three-week time difference. Cabbage Zones : May is the time to transplant cabbage for a summer harvest.

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Cabbage plants do better when planted near herbs like dill and rosemary. Carrots Zones : For a delicious fall crop, start carrots inside now so that they can be transplanted in mid-July. Try different colored varieties for making colorful stews and soups. Corn Zones : Now that the weather is warmer and soil is above 55 degrees Fahrenheit, it is the perfect time to plant sweet corn for a delicious late summer to early fall harvest.

Cucumbers Zones : Cucumbers can be directly sowed or transplanted after three weeks. Cucumbers can take up a lot of space so be careful to pick a variety for the space you have in your garden. Eggplants Zones : When the soil temperature reaches 60 degrees Fahrenheit, it is time to transplant your eggplants outside. Herbs Zones : Anytime year-round is the perfect time to plant heat loving herbs like basil, oregano, rosemary and sage indoors or outdoors! Melons Zones : Melons are a great warm-weather crop and are a staple for hot, long summer picnics and family fun!

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